President Grant was a heavy smoker, and when his cigars gave him throat cancer he switched to pipes.
- Fact 1: Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) led the Union army to victory in the American Civil War, and later became the 18th President of the US.
- Fact 2: Beginning the Civil War as a colonel training volunteers, Grant led a series of decisive campaigns that changed the course of the war.
- Fact 3: Grant's ruthless and often brutal military command led to the capture of the Confederate capital of Richmond in April of 1865.
- Fact 4: After the war, Grant's public popularity soared. He led Reconstruction efforts through the South, and was elected President in 1868.
- Fact 5: Despite advancing civil rights and rebuilding the war-torn South, Grant's presidency was marred by economic woes and corruption scandals.